Antoni Gralak – trumpet
Marcin Oleś – double bass
Bartłomiej Oleś – drums

Compositions: All songs are traditional primitive songs except: 4 by Marcin Oleś & Antoni Gralak; 7 by Bartłomiej Oleś; 3 by Roscoe Mitchel; 8, 10 by Antoni Gralak.
Recorded April 25–27, 2016 at MAQ Records Studio, Wojkowice (Poland)
Recording engineer: Maciej Stach
Mix & master: Maciej Stach, Marcin Oleś, Bartłomiej Oleś & Antoni Gralak

1. Suazi
2. Ka ko
3. Odwalla
4. Gambetta
5. Nangma
6. Macochi
7. Hotel Mar Mar
8. Hindu
9. Kothbiro
10. Sangje menla


Music has a lengthy path behind it, that is often an intricate one to follow. Both the music of Europe which developed a mechanism of camouflaging emotions, and departed toward abstraction, as well as music that originates outside of Europe, share a common core from which they evolved. The search for this core – its essence, and what is beneath it – became both the starting point for the primitivo concept, as well as an attempt to answer questions as to where music begins, and the nature of its primordial elements. What would happen if music were stripped of all of its sheen, gesture, convention and refinement? What would remain if everything that's trained, established or retained were to be discarded? What sort of core does music conceal beneath its layers of epochs, learnings and renun- ciations? What would we discover, if we were able to access the initial seed that music grew out of? Does music employ some hidden, archetypal code which we have no idea about, because it's been overgrown with layers of time? After listening to hundreds of hours of recordings of the most ancient music, commonly referred to as primitive music, it can be said that music represents a human need to canalise of emotions. Skills and instrumentation are meaningless, as are differentiations between artists and listeners. Ultimately nothing is of significance, other than the need to express emotions through music. And concentrating on emotions and simplicity renders the use of any kind of clichés or false gestures impossible. Decoding the paradigms of music-making, and uncov- ering its initial, primary motives became the key to the recording of this album.